How Gait Can Contribute to Foot Problems & Importance To See a Podiatrist to Help With Your Gait

Gait (the process of walking) and balance are intricate movements. They rely on proper functioning from several areas of the body. These include the ears, eyes, brain, and muscles. Problems with any of these areas can lead to walking difficulties, falls, or injury if not addressed.

Walking difficulties may be temporary or long-term, depending on the cause.

What Causes Gait and Balance Problems?

Potential causes of temporary gait or balance problems include injury, trauma, inflammation, or pain. Longer-term difficulties often result from muscular neurological issues.

Problems with gait, balance, and coordination are often caused by specific conditions. These include:

  • joint pain or conditions, such as arthritis
  • multiple sclerosis (MS)
  • Meniere’s disease
  • brain hemorrhage
  • brain tumor
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Arnold-Chiari malformation
  • spinal cord compression or infarction
  • Guillain Barre
  • peripheral neuropathy
  • myopathy
  • cerebral palsy
  • gout
  • muscular dystrophy

Obesity, chronic alcohol abuse, vitamin B12 deficiency, and stroke are other causes. The condition may also be the result of vertigo, migraines, deformities, and certain medications including antihypertensives.

Gait and balance problems can be a result of pain, muscle weakness, muscle tightness or spasticity, loss of balance, or poor posture. Other causes include limited range of motion, numbness (sensory deficit), and fatigue. Muscle weakness can occur in one leg or both, and make walking difficult. Foot numbness makes it difficult to know where the feet are moving or whether they are touching the floor.

Symptoms of Gait and Balance Problems

The most common symptoms of gait and balance problems include difficulty walking, trouble with balance, and unsteadiness. Patients can experience dizziness, light-headedness, vertigo, motion sickness, or double vision.

Other symptoms may occur depending on the underlying cause or condition.

Diagnosing and Treating Gait and Balance Problems

A biomechanics gait analysis may be sought if you have the symptoms above. Treatment for gait and balance problems depends on the cause. Treatments may include medications and physical therapy, or rehabilitation to learn to function or compensate for lack of balance.

Affected patients may also learn how to prevent falls. For vertigo-caused balance issues, you may learn how to position your head to regain balance.

Gait and Balance Problem Prognosis

The prognosis of gait and balance problems is dependent on the underlying medical condition.

Falls in older adults, due to gait and balance problems, are a common cause of mortality and morbidity and can lead to injury, loss of independence, and change in lifestyle.

For your gait analysis, visit a podiatrist to help you regain your balance.

Written by Amber Erickson Gabbey

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